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Consensus and experience trump leadership, suppressing individual personality during social foraging

Overview of attention for article published in Science Advances, September 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (56th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
5 news outlets
blogs
2 blogs
twitter
42 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page
googleplus
3 Google+ users

Citations

dimensions_citation
38 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
112 Mendeley
citeulike
4 CiteULike
Title
Consensus and experience trump leadership, suppressing individual personality during social foraging
Published in
Science Advances, September 2016
DOI 10.1126/sciadv.1600892
Pubmed ID
Authors

Nicholas D. McDonald, Sean A. Rands, Francesca Hill, Charlotte Elder, Christos C. Ioannou

Abstract

Whether individual behavior in social settings correlates with behavior when individuals are alone is a fundamental question in collective behavior. However, evidence for whether behavior correlates across asocial and social settings is mixed, and no study has linked observed trends with underlying mechanisms. Consistent differences between individuals in boldness, which describes willingness to accept reward over risk, are likely to be under strong selection pressure. By testing three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) in a risky foraging task alone and repeatedly in shoals, we demonstrate that the expression of boldness in groups is context-specific. Whereas personality is repeatable in a low-risk behavior (leaving a refuge), the collectively made consensus decision to then cross the arena outweighs leadership by bolder individuals, explaining the suppression of personality in this context. However, despite this social coordination, bolder individuals were still more likely to feed. Habituation and satiation over repeated trials degrade the effect of personality on leaving the refuge and also whether crossing the arena is a collective decision. The suppression of personality in groups suggests that individual risk-taking tendency may rarely represent actual risk in social settings, with implications for the evolution and ecology of personality variation.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 42 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 112 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 2 2%
Japan 1 <1%
Luxembourg 1 <1%
Belgium 1 <1%
Unknown 107 96%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 27 24%
Student > Master 18 16%
Student > Ph. D. Student 18 16%
Researcher 12 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 4 4%
Other 19 17%
Unknown 14 13%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 60 54%
Environmental Science 9 8%
Computer Science 5 4%
Engineering 4 4%
Unspecified 3 3%
Other 11 10%
Unknown 20 18%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 79. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 31 January 2019.
All research outputs
#302,538
of 16,610,725 outputs
Outputs from Science Advances
#1,907
of 5,837 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#8,533
of 268,085 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Science Advances
#57
of 132 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 16,610,725 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 5,837 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 118.8. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 67% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 268,085 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 132 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 56% of its contemporaries.